Western is logic

Western is logic

Western is logic Eastern civilizations (China, India, Iran) did not discover early the 2 great axioms of reason (non contradiction; identity) thus could not think as far as the West

Vocación es más estar que hacer

Vocación es más estar que hacer

Vocación es más estar que hacer. Hay individuos en el cuerpo humano que hacen su función estando muertos (células del pelo; las uñas). Vivir la vocación es estar en su sitio.

Two sources of Wealth

Two sources of Wealth

In economics textbooks there are three sources of wealth: land; work and capital. But they are actually two: energy and information

Lo Positivo incluye lo Normativo

Lo Positivo incluye lo Normativo

David Hume (+1776) propuso la separación de la realidad en dos planos: lo que las cosas son (lo positivo) y lo que las cosas deben ser (lo normativo). La Ciencia sería el árbitro de lo positivo y la opinión de lo normativo.

Esta distinción es engañosa. La forma en que las cosas son (positivamente) condiciona lo que deben ser. El humano carga a sus crías, por ejemplo, porque está inscrito en su naturaleza. El abandono es malo no por una opinión mayoritaria, sino por ser antinatural.

La consecuencia de este rompimiento, entre el ser y el deber ser, fue la negación del fundamento positivo (biológico) del “deber ser”. Y esto acabó relegando los criterios de comportamiento (lo ético, qué es lo que está bien) al subjetivismo de la opinión.

Should we look for knowledge or certainty

Should we look for knowledge or certainty

Deduction (steping on previous truths and making an inference) is the only way to be certain of a proposition. But certainty is not the same as knowledge.

Induction, on the other hand, is the proposal of a general principle, based on the regularity of a some observations.

Deduction (the use of logic) makes me very certain, but adds very little knowledge to me: the deducted truth is already into the previous ones (the premises).

Induction let me jump on completely new truths. But, who can guarantee that “swans are white” just because all that I have seen, happen to be white? Induction gives me joy of novelty, but, seldom, the comfort of certainty.

The moral of this story is: knowledge, as any human growth operation (like love, or virtue) can on be achieved “dialectically”, zigzaging between opposites. Forget about finding an optimun.

Determinism is religion

Determinism is religion

Modernity is a deterministic worldview, not for scientific reasons, but for theological prejudices. Descartes believed that God (and his laws of Nature) was the only real cause in Nature, and, therefore, everything is determined in advance. This was a pathetic reductionism of the knowledge of causality already achieved by Aristotle and the medievals.