Egyptians saw the political order as part of natural order (for example people were born to do different things: rule, serve). On the other extreme, we moderns think politics is the coordination of different, equal wills.
The truth is in between:
The natural order places each one in an starting point (a genetic and a cultural endowment). But the starting point, although important, is no definitive. Then we add our vocation (mission) and our freedom. With this, we can get out and make a better world (instead of adapting to it by evolution).
From this perspective, politics is not a social contract but the gardening of an ecosystem that allows each member to walk the maximum distance between the his/her starting point and his/her goal.
In an ecosystem, treating all individual as equals is the sure way to destroy it.